Welcome to the Canadian Paralympic History page! In recent decades, the Paralympic Movement has grown exponentially and Canada takes a lot of pride in being a part of it. 

The origin of the Paralympic Games dates back to 1948 when Sir Ludwig Guttman staged the International Wheelchair Games to coincide with the 1948 London Olympic Games. The event gradually grew, encompassing other sports and other disability groups, and now the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games are the ultimate international competitions for world class athletes with a disability. The Paralympic Games are governed internationally by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC)

The Paralympic Games are now linked to the Olympic celebrations every two years and athletes must meet strict qualifying standards in order to compete. The Paralympic Games have taken place at the same venues as the Olympic Games since the Seoul 1988 Summer Games in South Korea and the Albertville 1992 Winter Games in France. On June 19, 2001 an agreement was signed between the IOC and the IPC securing this practice for all future Games.

Canada has participated in every Summer and Winter Paralympic Games since Tel Aviv, Israel in 1968; missing the first two Paralympic Games in 1960 and 1964 (Rome and Tokyo, respectively). In 1968, twenty-two Canadian athletes participated, out of a total of approximately 750 athletes from 29 countries. Canada’s participation was largely made possible through the efforts of Dr. Robert F. Jackson, a Toronto Orthopedic Surgeon, who later became the first President of the Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association and Founding Father of the Canadian Paralympic Committee.

Eight years later, the 1976 Paralympics Summer Games were held in Toronto and following that event, the Canadian government granted funds to be spent in developing sport opportunities for people with a disability. Since then, Canada has been internationally renowned as a leader of the Paralympic Movement.  At the Games, Canada has always ranked amongst the top countries.

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Paralympic History Table

2018 Team Canada

Year Type
Host City
Medals
2014 Winter
russia Created with Sketch.
Sochi, Russia
7
2
7
2012 Summer
Asset 39
London, England
7
15
9
2010 Winter
canada Created with Sketch.
Vancouver, Canada
10
5
4
2008 Summer
china Created with Sketch.
Beijing, China
19
10
21
2006 Winter
italy Created with Sketch.
Torino, Italy
5
3
5
2018 Winter
south-korea Created with Sketch.
Pyeongchang, South Korea
8
4
16
2016 Summer
brazil
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
8
10
11
2004 Summer
greece Created with Sketch.
Athens, Greece
28
19
25
2002 Winter
united-states Created with Sketch.
Salt Lake City, USA
6
4
5
2000 Summer
australia Created with Sketch.
Sydney, Australia
38
33
25
1998 Winter
japan Created with Sketch.
Nagano, Japan
1
9
5
1996 Summer
united-states Created with Sketch.
Atlanta, USA
24
21
24
1994 Winter
norway Created with Sketch.
Lillehammer, Norway
1
2
5
1992 Summer
spain Created with Sketch.
Barcelona, Spain
28
21
26
1992 Winter
france Created with Sketch.
Albertville, France
2
4
6
1988 Winter
austria Created with Sketch.
Innsbruck, Austria
5
3
5
1988 Summer
south-korea Created with Sketch.
Seoul, South Korea
54
42
55
1984 Summer
united-states Created with Sketch.
New York, USA
87
82
69
1984 Winter
austria Created with Sketch.
Innsbruck, Austria
2
8
4
1980 Summer
netherlands Created with Sketch.
Arnhem, Netherlands
64
35
31
1980 Winter
norway Created with Sketch.
Geilo, Norway
2
3
1
1976 Summer
canada Created with Sketch.
Toronto, Canada
25
26
25
1976 Winter
sweden Created with Sketch.
Örnsköldsvik, Sweden
2
0
2
1972 Summer
germany Created with Sketch.
Heidelberg, Germany
5
6
8
1968 Summer
israel Created with Sketch.
Tel Aviv, Israel
6
6
7